It is being described as one of the biggest attacks on art and antiquities in post-war German history, but it has taken more than two weeks to emerge.
At least 70 artefacts were sprayed with an oily liquid on Berlin’s Museum Island, a Unesco world heritage site that is home to five famous museums. The attack took place on 3 October, the anniversary of German reunification.
Berlin’s state criminal police agency released details of the attack late on Tuesday, 17 days after at least one unknown attacker targeted Ancient Egyptian sarcophagi, stone sculptures and 19th Century paintings.
The oily liquid sprayed on to the dozens of artefacts has caused damage and left visible stains. A museum worker told Berliner Morgenpost that most of the damage was superficial.
The museums targeted include the Pergamon Museum, which is home to the renowned Pergamon Altar, erected by King Eumenes II in the Second Century BC. Pergamon was an Ancient Greek city in Asia Minor, or modern-day Turkey.
German reports have speculated whether supporters of a far-right conspiracy theorist may have been involved. Attila Hildmann, who has spread conspiracy theories about the Covid-19 pandemic, has also claimed that one of the five museums, the Pergamon Museum, is home to the “Throne of Satan”.
Local reports said a 9th Century BC sculpture had been attacked along with a 3D exhibit of the original Pergamon Altar, which is currently under renovation. Artefacts were also attacked in the Neues Museum, Alte Nationalgalerie and elsewhere. The Neues Museum is home to a bust of Egyptian Pharaoh Nefertiti.
The reason for the initial secrecy is unclear, and the story was only confirmed after police were approached by Die Zeit magazine and Deutschlandfunk radio. Other museums were not informed of the possible risk either, they report.
Museum Island has been targeted in the past.In March 2017, a giant, gold coin worth around $4m ($3m) was stolen in a night raid on the Bode Museum.
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